Italy’s most famous tourist destination, Pompeii was once a thriving Roman city. The unexpected volcanic explosion of Mt. Vesuvius in 79 AD, buried the whole city and its residents 12 feet deep in ash. Once the excavations began in the mid-1700s, archaeologists found one of the best-preserved treasures like Roman baths, brothels and other public spaces. Today, the city offers one of the best insights into the lives of the roman that inhabited the city.